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Porto, Portugal


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Old town (under the bridge)   
Main Events Chronology
218 bC The Romans arrived at Iberia
409 AD Alans, Vandals and Suebi invade the North
416 The Visigoths entered Iberia
711 Muslims are in Spain
716 Minho and Galicia take part in the Muslim government
868 Christian Reconquest of Oporto
1073 Afonso VI is the Spanish Emperor and governs Galicia, Oporto and Coimbra
1095 Henrique of Burgundy started ruling the lands in the South of River Minho, including Oporto area
1095-096 Constitution of the Portucalense County
1113 D. Hugo is the bishop of Oporto
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1113/1136 Foundation of the Cathedral, "Se", of Oporto
1115 Bull Egregias quondam sent by Pope Pascoal II locating the diocese of Oporto in the
 straight dependence from the Holly See
1120 Regina Teresa makes the donation of the town and lands to the bishop D. Hugo and his successors
1123 The bishop D. Hugo delivered a bill of privileges to Oporto and to its inhabitants
1128 Afonso Henriques, son of Teresa and Henrique of Burgundy, grand son of
 the late Emperor Monso VI and cousin of the
new Emperor Afonso VII, is the new governor of the Portucalense County
1139 Afonso Henriques is Afonso I, king of Portugal
1179 The Holy See confirms the title of king of Portugal to Alonso I and Portugal as an independent kingdom
1208 Revolution in Oporto
1258 There was already an important market in Oporto
1290 Establishment of a trade stock exchange for merchants
1293 Oporto is officially present in the Trade Stock Exchange
1297 There was an important Jewish community in Oporto
1309/1310 The merchants in Oporto who traveled to Flanders had important privileges
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Town hall in Modern town

1315 Establishment of the Order of Christ
1339/1348 Inquiries concerning the city of Oporto
1341 The Portuguese population prepares the navigation towards the Canary Is.
1345 King Dom Monso IV took the jurisdiction of the city of Oporto, 
which belonged to the bishop since 1120 Dom Pedro, bishop of Oporto, 
interdicts the diocese when the king took its jurisdiction to him
1348 The Black Plague extends over Portugal
1353 Oporto is present in the Treaty celebrated between Portugal and England
1366 The walls of Oporto (as a fort) began being built
1369/1384 Enlargement of Oporto outskirts
1370/1380 Creation of the Maritime Insurance Stock Trade
1372 Reunion of sessions of the Parliament (Cortes) in Oporto
1385 The first "Casa da Moeda" (Mint) of Oporto started functioning, with a mint-master


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1387 Dom Jodo I marries to Filipa of Lancaster in Oporto

1392 Artisans in Oporto are present in the Town Hall sessions

1394 Prince Hetuy, The Navigator was born in Oporto

1406 Oporto that was patrimony of the bishop, finally, began

belonging to the king of Portugal

1415 A vessel left from Oporto to the conquest of Ceuta

1437 The Northern population prepares the attack to Tangier

1466 Leo von Rosmital crossed a bridge over River Douro, in Oporto, in his tour through Portugal


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Majestic Cafe (Tea House)


1475 Artisans in Oporto are present in the Town Hall sessions

1494 Scientists from Oporto takes part in the Tordesillas Treaty

1497 Oporto prepares to the expedition to India, led by Vasco da Gama

1500 Oporto takes part in the official discovery of Brazil, led by Pedro kvares Cabral

1520 Oporto takes part in the preparation of the navigation from Angola to Cape of Good Hope

                                1527/1532 The census considers Oporto the second most important city in Portugal

1680 Development of the exportation of Port Wine to England


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train station


1725 Nicolau Nasoni starts the paintings of the Chancel of the "S6" in Oporto

1730 Nicolau Nasoni presents the first project of the Church of the "Cle'rigos" (Clergies) and lays the foundation-stone (opened in 1748; its famous tower was build between 1748 and 1763)

1734 Nicolau Nasoni makes the drawing of the Episcopal Palace in Oporto

1745 Nicolau Nasoni makes the paintings for the high altar of Saint Ildefonso Church, in Oporto

1748 The 1st newspaper in published in Oporto, the "Zodiaco Lusitano"

1754 Beginning of the construction of the Torre dos Cldrigos, by Nicolau Nasoni


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Green Wine Institute


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1756 Establishment of the General Company of the Agriculture of Vineyards in Alto Douro

1758 Popular reaction against several privileges of the Agrarian Company of the wines in Alto Douro

1762 Establishment of the Royal Nautical School of Oporto

1776 Bill restricting the monopoly of the Port Wine Company

1780 Establishment of the "Aula de desenho e Debuxo", School of Drawing and Design in Oporto

1791 The Corporative Organizations were abolished


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central Porto


1792 Foundation of the "Casa Pia" in Oporto

1794 Pinto de Miranda shows the drawing and plans of the Church

of the Order Terceira of Saint Frances in Oporto

                1795/1809 Construction of the Palace of Carrancas in Oporto

1820 The Liberal Revolution

1850 The Industrial School was established

And the Polytechnic Academy

1876 Eiffel directs the construction of the Bridge D. Luis

1877 Train Connection between Lisbon and Oporto

1880 1st wine-growing exhibition

1881 1st Exhibition of Jewelry and Pottery Manufactures

1884-1892 The Portuguese government gave the first indications to build the artificial port of Leix6es to
 serve Oporto and its hinterland 1889 To develop the agriculture, it has been established the Northern Agrarian League


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flowers at the grave site


1891 The 1st Republican Revolution

1st Exhibition of Industrial and Technical Schools

1903 Agrarian Exhibition in Oporto Crystal Palace

1906 Republicans and Monarchists start governing together Foundation of Oporto Foot-ball Club

1908 Dom Manuel 11, King of Portugal, visited Oporto

1909 The Anticlerical Demonstration in Oporto was not so strong

and evident as it was in Lisbon


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Once popular Brazil cafe


1911 1st attempt to restore the Monarchy

Establishment of the University, gathering the Polytechnic Academy, the Medical School and the Pharmacy School, too

1919 The Monarchy was proclaimed again

1923 Opening of the cafeteria "Majestic" in Oporto, the first one for ladies too

1925/1926 In Oporto, the foundation of the Military Dictatorship

took place, to establish the so-called "Estado Novo"


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(was main transportation.  Now for tourists)


    1927 Rebellion against the Military Dictatorship started in Oporto: insurrection to deliver the power to Salazar

1932 Salazar was Prime Minister, which he added to Minister of the Exchequer

1947 Rebellion to discharge Salazar, without success

1963 Inauguration of the Bridge of Arrdbida over River Douro

1994 Opening of the House of Prince Henry, with an exhibition

2004 Oporto is the European Capital of the Culture


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bored students waiting for the bus

Porto Hotels

Porto hotels, Portugal

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