hotel in Axum
Axum, ancient town in northern Ethiopia. It lies at an elevation of about 7,000 feet (2,100 m), just west of Adwa.
More Photos of the Obelisks
Once the seat of the kingdom of Aksum,
it is now a tourist town and religious centre best known for its antiquities.
Tall granite obelisks, 126 in all, stand (or lie broken) in the central square.
One measuring 110 feet (34 m), now fallen, is said to be the tallest obelisk
ever erected. The obelisks range from nearly plain slabs to intricately
inscribed pillars. Door- and window-like shapes are carved into some of the
pillars, giving them the appearance of slender buildings. The most recent of the
obelisks announces the adoption of Christianity by a 4th-century king. At least
27 carved stone thrones have been unearthed in the overgrown ruins of the
church of St. Mary of Zion
More Photos of St. Mary of Zion
Aksum has long been regarded a holy city for the Ethiopian Orthodox church. It forms the setting of the 14th-century work Kebra Negast (“Glory of the Kings”), which relates the tradition of the transference of the Ark of the Covenant from Jerusalem to Aksum by King Menilek I, legendary son of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba (Makeda). According to tradition, the Church of St. Mary of Zion contains the Ark of the Covenant. Over the centuries, however, the church has been destroyed and rebuilt several times; the present structure dates from the 17th century. Emperor Haile Selassie I built the new Church of St. Mary of Zion near the old one in 1965.
Text from Encyclopedia Britannica
near the Queen of Sheba's Palace
More Photos of the ruins of Queen Sheba's Palace
people of Axum
An airport, a hospital, a health
centre, and a community centre serve the town. Pop. (1989 est.) 21,857.
priest in yellow
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