place where the slave revolt started
Christophe, Henri (1767-1820), Haitian president (1807-1811) and king (1811-1820), born on the island of Grenada. After fighting at Savannah, Georgia, during the American Revolution, Christophe went to the French Caribbean colony of Saint-Domingue (now Haiti), where he joined with black insurgents fighting against the French in 1790 and became one of their leaders.
commemorating the slave freedom fighters
The black revolutionist François Toussaint L’Ouverture appointed him brigadier general. In 1806 Christophe and Haitian general Alexandre Pétion secured the overthrow of the self-proclaimed emperor Jean Jacques Dessalines, who was assassinated. In 1807 Christophe had himself proclaimed president of northern Haiti. A short civil war broke out between Christophe and Pétion. In 1811 Christophe proclaimed himself king as Henri I. His reign was tyrannical, but he improved the economy of the country, ensuring its annuity and stability for years to come.
Sans Souci Palace
top view of ruins
A notable builder, he constructed the Sans Souci Palace and the fortress near Cap-Haïtien called Citadelle Laferrière.
When he was incapacitated by a stroke in 1820, insurrection broke out, and the deserted king shot himself.
preserved as a park
the cannon laboriously dragged up the mountain
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